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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2000 October;135(5):647-52
Syphilis and gonorrhoea between law and medicine: 1930-1958
Cherubini Di Simplicio F., Flori M. L., Cherubini A. **, Loré C., Fimiani M.
Università degli Studi - Siena Istituto di Scienze Dermatologiche * Dipartimento di Scienze Medicolegali e Socio Sanitarie * Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca sulla Storia della Sanità
In recent years, the problem concerning criminal liability of individuals with AIDS who, although aware of their status, transmit the infection, has been discussed around the world, including Italy. In addition, a subject of debate is the question of whether the regulations applied for fraudulent crimes and criminal negligence, adequately define such a responsibility, or if it would be more appropriate to establish new rules. As far as syphilis (as well as gonorrhoea causing severe personal injury) is concerned, a similar problem arose in the first decades of this century, resulting in the stipulation of the Rocco Code (art. no. 554), enforced until 1958. Given the speculative nature of this matter, of which many continue to be insufficiently aware, the authors summarise its characteristics, which are considered fundamental for its comprehension and to make a decision regarding the possibility of a crime of contagion, particularly in the case of AIDS.