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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2000 February;135(1):13-9
Follicular bisection in hair transplantation surgery. An in vitro model.
Raposio E., Cella A., Renzi M., Caregnato P., Barabino P., Faggioni M., Distefano A., Gualdi A., Orefice A., Santi P.L.
Università degli Studi - Genova Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro Cattedra di Chirurgia Plastica e Ricostruttiva
Background. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in an in vitro model, the survival and growth rates of transversely sectioned human hair follicles to assess experimentally the efficacy of this approach as a future possible method for “duplicating” available donor hair grafts in hair transplantation procedures.
Methods. A total of 300 human anagen hair follicles was obtained from 10 healthy male patients. Follicles were thus randomly assigned to one of the following groups: group A (control; n=100 follicles), cultured intact as dissected, and group B (experimental; n=200 follicles), transversely transected, parallel to the epidermal surface and immediately below the bulge area, to obtain 200 lower-half follicles and 200 upper-half follicles. Isolated hair follicles from both groups were maintained in culture for 10 days. The length of each follicle was measured immediately following isolation and at the end of the 10 day culture period.
Results. No statistically significant differences were found between the growth rate of intact follicles (mean 10 day growth rate =2.71 mm) and of lower-half follicles (mean 10 day growth rate =2.64 mm), whereas a statistically significant difference was found between the growth rate of follicles from the two above mentioned groups and the growth rate of the “upper-half” follicles (mean 10 day growth =1.07 mm). Histologic analysis demonstrated that both intact and lower-half follicles maintained a normal histologic appearance, whereas in upper-half follicle sections we invariably detected a region of intense cell proliferation, reminiscent of a regenerated follicular papilla, surrounding the lower-most part of the follicle.
Conclusions. In personal opinion, the reported in vitro survival rate of transected human hair follicles might represent an interesting starting point in order to increase the number of donor hairs available during a hair transplantation procedure.