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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Online ISSN 1827-1820
Bardazzi F., Fiorentini C., Landi C., Patrizi A.
Università degli Studi - Bologna, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica Specialistica e Sperimentale, Sezione di Dermatologia
Fire coral are coelenterates of the milleporina order. Their toxin-releasing nematocysts cause, immediately after contact, cutaneous lesions such as acute orticaria, eczema, chronic granulomas and lichenoid eruptions that, usually, occur sequentially. The severity of the reaction depends on the number of nematocysts discharged, the toxicity of the venom and the sensitivity of the individual. It has generally been assumed that, in addition to type I hypersensitivity, type IV allergy and persistent delayed cutaneous reactions to coelenterates, toxic meccanism are probably involved. Patients with atopic eczema and/or seafood allergy are considered to be at risk. Two cases of fire coral skin disease are reported.