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Chirurgia 2010 December;23(6):293-5

language: English

Compartment syndrome of the upper arm: a case report and review of the literature

Galanopoulos G. 1,2, Giannakopoulou S. 3, Filalithis P. 3, Lambidis C. 1

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, ‘Iasò’ General Hospital, Athens, Greece
2 Department of Pharmacology, Medical School University of Athens, Greece
3 Department of Internal Medicine, ‘Iasò’ General Hospital, Athens, Greece


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Acute compartment syndrome is a condition in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the blood supply of the containing tissues. This condition is connected with high morbidity and even mortality rates, mainly in case of delayed diagnosis and treatment. The upper arm represents an infrequent localization of limb compartment syndrome. We report a case of anterior compartment syndrome of the upper arm resulting from a hematoma in a patient on long-term acenocumarol therapy for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occurred one month ago. Timely surgical intervention with fasciotomy, averted potential severe complications and morbidity.

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