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Chirurgia 2008 December;21(6):365-8

Copyright © 2008 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Bifid mandibular condyle associated with a palatally displaced canine. Case report and literature review

Di Stefano M. L. 1, Leonardi R. 2

1 Department of Orthodontics, Catania Dental College, University of Catania, Catania, Italy 2 Department of Orthodontics, Catania Dental College, University of Catania, Catania, Italy


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The bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is a rare anomaly characterized by a division of the mandibular condylar head. Primitive BMC is a consequence of a dysplastic process of the condyle cartilage at the early stage of its development, while secondary BMC is caused by bone remodelling after an articular trauma or repeated microtraumas from malocclusion. The purpose of this paper is to report a novel association of a primitive case of bifid mandibular condyle, in a 26-year-old woman who presented also a palatally displaced canine. Both clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging are presented and a literature review is carried out.

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