Home > Journals > Medicina e Chirurgia della Caviglia e del Piede > Past Issues > Chirurgia del Piede 2012 April;36(1) > Chirurgia del Piede 2012 April;36(1):7-35

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints

MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA DELLA CAVIGLIA E DEL PIEDE

A Journal on Physiopathology and Surgery of the Foot


Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus

 

REVIEWS  


Chirurgia del Piede 2012 April;36(1):7-35

language: Italian

Foot deformities in constitutional diseases of the skeleton

Canepa G. 1, Franchin F. 2, Stella M. 3, Formica M. 3, Bedeschi F. 4

1 Ospedale L. Mandic di Merate, Lecco, Italia;
2 Clinica Ortopedica dell’Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Italia;
3 U.O. Ortopedia e Traumatologia d’Urgenza, Ospedale San Martino, Genova, Italia;
4 Istituto Mangialli, Milano, Italia


PDF  


From an investigation on 400 constitutional diseases of the skeleton foot deformities occur with a frequency of 18%. The most common deformity is represented by congenital clubfoot (14.7%), syndactyly (14.50 %), brachydactyly (11%); follow the congenital flat foot (8.75%), polydactyly (6.25%) and oligo-ectrodactyly (4.50%); unusual finding of congenital metatarsus varus (3.75%), congenital hallux valgus (2.00%) and hammer toe (2%); rare congenital talipes (1.75%), congenital hollow foot (1.25%) and congenital hallux varus (1.25%); very rare macrodactily (0.75%) and clinodactyly of the fifth finger (0.75%). The majority of diseases that are the basis of the deformities of the foot above are of genetic origin; they recognize an autosomal recessive trans4ission in the 41.12% and dominant in the 31.67%; a dominant X-linked transmission in 4.72% and recessive X-linked in 1.45%; finally, they are transmitted in different ways with both dominant and recessive in the 7.88% of cases; forms of genetic origin are therefore 86.84% of all cases. 7% is represented by chromosome aberrations and the remaining by embryo-fetopathy or disease of unknown etiology

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Corresponding author e-mail