Total amount: € 0,00
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Frequency: 3 issues
Online ISSN 1827-1790
Pisani G., Pisani P. C., D’arrigo A.
1 Centro di Chirurgia del Piede “Prof. G. Pisani”, Clinica Fornaca di Sessant, Torino, Italia
1 Università degli Studi di Catania, Dottorato di Ricerca in Traumatologia, XXI Ciclo (2006-2008)
An outline is given of fibula ontomorphogenesis, anatomy and biomechanics, highlighting the importance of the fibula in the tibiotarsal joint and in the adaptation of the ankle mortise to the trochlea tali: the fibula rises, turns and moves away from the tibia on dorsiflexion, whereas the opposite occurs on plantar flexion. As the fibula also plays an important role in weight bearing, distal fibular fractures often require surgical repair of bone axis, length and rotational movement. Failure to undergo anatomic reconstruction may lead to secondary pain and stiffening of the tibiotarsal joint, particularly on dorsiflexion. Synthesis should be stabilized with compression screws or modelled plaques. Intramedullary nailing (Rush) may not ensure adequate joint stability or rotation. Rotational osteotomy, realignment and lengthening may be indicated in a variety of cases, or resection of tibiofibular synostosis with interpositioning of inert material (silastic) to prevent recurrence.