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MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA DELLA CAVIGLIA E DEL PIEDE
A Journal on Physiopathology and Surgery of the Foot
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Chirurgia Del Piede 2008 December;32(3):123-9
Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction and adult aquired flat foot: which is reciprocal cause and effect relation?
Errichiello C. 1, Cerlon R. 1, Morino L. 1, Pisani P. C. 2, Parino E. 2, Peyrani A. 3, Crova M. 3, Daghino W. 4
1 U.O.D. Chirurgia del Piede 2° Clinica Ortopedica C.T.O., Torino
2 Centro Chirurgia del Piede “Prof. G. Pisani” Clinica “Fornaca di Sessant”, Torino
3 II Clinica Ortopedica C.T.O., Torino
4 Dipartimento di Ortopedia e Traumatologia C.T.O., Torino
The Authors, looked up publications (most of which deems posterior tibial tendon dysfunction to be the most common cause of acquired flatfoot in adults), reviewed the most significant articles that compared these two diseases; in particular articles that showed one pathology to be the cause of the other, at least in the title. They gathered all publications in three groups: First group (posterior tibial tendon dysfunction causing acquired flat foot). Second group (acquired flat foot causing posterior tibial tendon dysfunction). Third group (posterior tibial tendon dysfunction together with other factors causing acquired flat foot). The Authors, also, list all publications according to Evidence Based Medicine from first to fifth levels. Finally, proposed personal considerations about reciprocal cause-effect relations between these two diseases.