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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Centro di Chirurgia del Piede “Prof. G. Pisani” Casa di Cura “Fornaca di Sessant”, Torino
The muscle medial to the plantar region, which originates at the posterior tuberosity of the calcaneus and inserts in the proximal phalanx of the great toe, has been defined as the hallux adductor by some and as the abductor muscle by others, depending on whether they are referring to the sagittal plane of the body or the axis of the second ray of the foot. This is anatomical usage, whereas clinical terminology refers to the sagittal plane: hallux valgus, first metatarsal varus, hallux varus, metatarsal varus, etc. The definition of an intrinsic axis of the foot is a reference analogous to that of the hand; but it would be more logical to refer to the sagittal axis of the body to define this muscle as adductor.