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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Frequency: 3 issues
Online ISSN 1827-1790
Andreasi A., Parino E., Marconetto M.
After reviewing the basic principles of the pathophysiology of the tibiotarsal joint, the authors propose a two-tier classification for the diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthritis in this articulation. Primary forms of the disease occur rarely, perhaps because the morphology of the joint and the articular functions of the tarsus are less subject to mechanical stress. Secondary forms are the product of injury (subluxations, chondral and osteochondral fractures, necrosis of the astragalus), with repeated microtrauma, chronic joint laxity, and biomechanical alterations; inflammatory processes (arthritis, osteomyelitis, rheumatism, etc.), or rare pathologic conditions (osteochondrosis, neoplasia, neuropathologies, etc.). The authors also review the most important surgical treatments and focus briefly on technical aspects of arthrodesis of the tibiotarsal joint, which remains the most indicated surgical procedure for the treatment of end-stage osteoarthritis.