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MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA DELLA CAVIGLIA E DEL PIEDE

A Journal on Physiopathology and Surgery of the Foot


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Chirurgia Del Piede 2002 March;26(1):35-50

language: Italian

Functional integration of the lower extremity

Pisani G.


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The foot as object is discussed within a mechanically defined lower extremity context and reference is made to how the mechanisms that take part in the three levels of space come together in segmentary functional integration of the extremity. On this basis, the antigravity mechanisms which, within neuromotor integration, act so that the foot as object can be an ''instrument'' for erect posture, walking, running and jumping are analysed. Finally, the problem of how, for example, in a poliomyelitic paraplegia with loss of antigravity servomechanisms it is possible to achieve a passive static posture of the lower extremity, is discussed.

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