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ITALIAN JOURNAL OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Maxillofacial Surgery


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Italian Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery 2009 December;20(3):181-3

Copyright © 2010 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Reduction and augmentation genioplasty in orthognathic surgery

Ungari C., Filiaci F., Torre U., Agrillo A.

Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy


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Orthognathic surgery is indicated in craniofacial malformations in order to re-establish occlusal relations through the placement of maxillo-mandibular bone bases, allowing the balance of stomatognathic system and its neuromuscular and articular components. Genioplasty has esthetic aims and finds its application in craniofacial malformations, especially in teeth-skeletal ones and mandibular asymmetry. There are two kinds of genioplasty: reduction and augmentation. The choice of the surgical technique to adopt depends on the malformation. Complications related to this surgery are: alloplastic implants migration in augmentation genioplasty with prosthesis; infections and abscesses; falling of plaques and screws used to fix the replaced fragment. In this study, the authors, make a retrospective evaluation of patients undergone genioplastic surgery, treated in the Maxillo-Facial ward of the Umberto I Policlinic in Rome.

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