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ITALIAN JOURNAL OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
A Journal on Maxillofacial Surgery
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Maxillofacial Surgery
Rivista Italiana di Chirurgia Maxillo-Facciale 2004 August-December;15(2-3):75-81
Alloplastic reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint following trauma
Zuniga J. R.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
An alloplastic TMJ prosthetic joint is an optional treatment for posttraumatic condylar trauma if three conditions exist, including: 1. loss of vertical height and/or occlusal relationship due to bone resorption or traumatic displacement/avulsion of the condyle(s); 2. posttraumatic bony or fibrous ankylosis; or, 3. malocclusion and TMD not responsive to conservative therapy. Case presentations of each condition are presented as well as data indicating that TMJ Concepts® prosthetic implant system is a safe and effective modality in indicated patients since it is patient-fitted and composed of biologically proven compatible materials that enhance osteointegration.