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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2016 Oct 04
Intra-arterial injection of iloprost reduces the risk of early recoil after balloon angioplasty of below-the-knee vessels in patients with critical limb ischemia
Nicola TROISI 1, Alberto FARINA 2, Emiliano CHISCI 1, Leonardo ERCOLINI 1, Pierfrancesco FROSINI 1, Clara PIGOZZI 1, Azzurra GUIDOTTI 1, Stefano MICHELAGNOLI 1 ✉
1 Department of Surgery, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, San Giovanni di Dio Hospital, Florence, Italy; 2 Medical Affairs Department, Italfarmaco S.p.A., Cinisello Balsamo, Milan, Italy
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that early recoil is frequently observed in patients undergoing balloon angioplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intra-arterial administration of iloprost (Endoprost®, Italfarmaco S.p.A., Milan, Italy) on early elastic recoil after balloon angioplasty of below-the-knee (BTK) vessels in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).
METHODS: Between January 2015 and December 2015 32 patients with CLI underwent balloon angioplasty of at least one BTK vessel followed by intra-arterial administration of iloprost. Early elastic recoil was defined as residual lumen compromise >10%. Early elastic recoil was determined on the basis of minimal lumen diameter (MLD) measurements at baseline (MLDbaseline), immediately after BTK balloon angioplasty (MLDpostdilation), and 15 minutes thereafter (MLD15min).
RESULTS: Patients were predominantly female (18/32, 56.2%) with a mean age of 79.6 years (range 68- 87). Most of the patients were diabetics (25/32, 78.1%). An occlusion was present in 24 cases (75%). Mean BTK lesion length was 144.1 mm (range 22-320). Mean MLD measurements were 0.1 mm (range 0-0.5; MLDbaseline), 2.5 mm (range 1.9-3; MLDpostdilation), and 1.9 mm (range 0.7-3; MLD15min). Early elastic recoil was recorded in 14 patients (43.8%). The mean percentage of elastic recoil after 15 minutes was 21.4%.
CONCLUSIONS: In our experience intra-arterial administration of iloprost reduces the risk of early elastic recoil after balloon angioplasty of BTK vessels in patients with CLI. Further analyses with larger population studies and randomized trials are needed to validate this therapeutic option.