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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2015 June;56(3):483-92
Reduced visfatin levels in aortic stenosis increase after aortic valve replacement and may contribute to reverse left ventricular remodelling
Majak P. 1, 2, Lunde I. G. 3, 4, Hasic A. K. 3, 4, Husebye T. 5, Christensen G. 3, 4, Tønnessen T. 1, 2, 3, 4, Bjørnstad J. L. 1, 2, 3, 4 ✉
1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway;
2 University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Oslo, Norway;
3 Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway;
4 KG Jebsen Cardiac Research Centre and Centre for Heart Failure Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway;
5 Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway
AIM: Visfatin may play a part in reverse left ventricular remodelling. Using a mouse model of reversible left ventricle pressure overload, we examined if visfatin was altered in the myocardium. Furthermore, we addressed this issue in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and examined whether visfatin levels are related to reverse remodelling following aortic valve replacement (AVR).
METHODS: Myocardial visfatin was analysed after aortic banding (AB) and debanding (DB) in mice and compared to sham operated animals. Myocardial visfatin was measured in biopsies from patients undergoing AVR and compared to controls. Serum visfatin was measured before and after AVR in patients with AS and correlated with echocardiographic measurments of cardiac morphology and function.
RESULTS: Four weeks after AB, myocardial visfatin protein was reduced by 50% compared to sham. Three days after DB, myocardial protein levels increased significantly. Myocardial visfatin and serum visfatin levels were reduced by 23% and 64%, respectively, in patients with AS compared to controls. Twelve months after AVR, serum visfatin levels increased compared to preoperative values and correlated negatively with degree of left ventricular hypertrophy.
CONCLUSION: Myocardial visfatin and serum visfatin levels are reduced by cardiac pressure overload. Visfatin levels increase after correction of pressure overload and may play a part in postoperative reverse remodelling.