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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Freyrie A. 1, Gallitto E. 1, Gargiulo M. 1, Mascoli C. 1, Faggioli G. 1, Pini R. 1, Pratesi C. 2, Stella A. 1
1 Vascular Surgery, Policlinico S. Orsola‑Malpighi, Alma Mater Studiorum, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy;
2 Vascular Surgery, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italia
AIM: The aim of this paper was to evaluate early and 3-year results of the endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using the AnacondaTM endograft in patients with severe proximal aortic neck angle.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the AnacondaTM Italian Registry was carried out. Two groups of patients were identified according to the presence of a severe (Group A, GA: ≥60°) or an absent (Group B, GB: <45°) proximal aortic neck angle. Preoperative, procedural and follow-up data were evaluated. Mortality, proximal type I endoleak, freedom from iliac leg thrombosis and conversion to open repair were analyzed at 30-day and 3-year follow-up. The results of GA and GB were compared.
RESULTS: From 2005 to 2012, 1030 patients were enrolled in the Registry. Sixty-five patients (6.3%) were included in GA and 737 (71.5%) in GB. The mean age and AAA diameter were respectively 76.8 years and 62.7 mm in GA and 77.2 years and 56.5 mm in GB (P=NS). The ASA≥3 was reported in the 95.3% of GA vs. 81% of GB (P=0.005). The endograft main-body was repositioned in 35% of cases in GA and 20.7% in GB (P=0.008); there were no differences in the main-body ballooning and proximal aortic cuff placement. There were no statistical differences in 30-day mortality (GA 1.5% vs. GB 1.3%), proximal type I endoleaks (GA 1.5% vs. GB 0.8%), iliac leg thrombosis (GA 1.5% vs. GB 1.4%) and conversion to open repair (GA 3% vs. GB 0.6%). The 3-year survival was 95.4% in GA and 94.7% in GB (P=NS). Freedom from proximal type I endoleak, iliac leg thrombosis and conversion to open repair were respectively 98.5%, 95.4%, and 95.4% in GA and 97.8%, 96.9%, and 98.5% in GB (P=NS).
CONCLUSION: The AnacondaTM Italian Registry reports good results in terms of clinical success at 3-year follow-up. AAA with severe proximal aortic neck can be treated with similar outcomes to AAA with favorable neck anatomy. The endograft repositionability is a benefit in cases with severe neck angle.