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A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery

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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2014 April;55(2):279-86

language: English

Clinical course after surgical treatment of active isolated native mitral valve endocarditis

Wilbring M., Alexiou K., Tuan Nguyen M., Kappert U., Matschke K., Malte Tugtekin S.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Heart Center, Dresden, Germany


AIM: Isolated mitral valve endocarditis (MVE) forms a particular subgroup within native infective valve endocarditis (NVE). We characterized this particular subgroup and analyzed the course of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
METHODS: Between 1997 and 2011, 474 patients underwent cardiac surgery at our institution for NVE treatment. Of these, 89 patients (18.8%) suffered from MVE. Valve replacement was undertaken in 84.2% and valve repair in 15.8%. Follow-up was completed with 267 patient years.
RESULTS: A delay between the onset of first symptoms and surgery of 4.7±1.2 weeks was observed. Hence, most patients were in a critical preoperative state characterized by severe sepsis and destruction of the mitral valve. About 19.4% were emergency procedures. The MVE group presented with a higher prevalence of preoperative stroke, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in comparison with remaining NVE cases. MVE was more likely caused by Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus viridans were less frequent (P<0.01 each). Early mortality (6.7%) was caused by persistent sepsis. ICU stay >7 days and time on artificial ventilation >40 h led to a higher risk of in-hospital death. Five-year survival was 59.6% and affected by extracardiac comorbidities.
CONCLUSION: Isolated MVE was characterized by a long delay before surgery, differences in microbiological findings and a higher prevalence of preoperative strokes in comparison to NVE. Surgery for MVE can be conducted with good clinical results, but mid-term outcome is limited by extracardiac comorbidities.

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