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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery


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REVIEWS  CRITICAL LIMB ISCHEMIA AND DIABETIC FOOT: AN UPDATE


The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2013 December;54(6):679-84

language: English

Endovascular first as “preliminary approach” for critical limb ischemia and diabetic foot

Setacci C., Sirignano P., Galzerano G., Mazzitelli G., Sauro L., de Donato G., Benevento D., Cappelli A., Setacci F.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience University of Siena, Siena, Italy


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The treatment of the critical limb ischemia (CLI) and diabetic foot (DB) is still object of discussion and the gold standard for revascularization has not yet been identified. In these two decades the introduction of endovascular procedures had a large impact on the surgical revascularization and were added to the practice of vascular surgeons in patients who cannot be candidates for a bypass. This may be due to significant comorbidities, a reduced life expectancy, infection or gangrene in the possible sites of distal anastomoses, the unavailability of suitable veins, or the absence of an adequate “landing zone” for the distal part of the bypass. Various studies have evaluated the role of PTA in DF and CLI that resulted favourable in terms of feasibility, technical efficacy, the reduced number of complications, and limb salvage rates. Anyway, long-term patency is better after bypass surgery than after angioplasty, which is burdened by a high restenosis rate. In our experience we tried to practice endovascular approach as a first choice. If the procedure cannot be concluded safely, we continue the intervention surgically or use a hybrid approach. The endovascular-first strategy seems to be the future regardless of comorbidity of the patient and the degree of pathology. The vascular surgeon remains the only specialist that can decide the correct intervention without pressure or been forced and, last but not least, the only one who can independently perform hybrid interventions.

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setacci@unisi.it