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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Libretti L., Ciriaco P., Zannini P.
Department of Thoracic Surgery, San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy
Pulmonary vein stenosis is one of the potential complications of radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. This complication is generally treated by transcatheter techniques using balloon angioplasty or stent implantation. We report a case of a 17-year-old boy with acquired left inferior pulmonary vein stenosis following radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, conditioning recurrent pneumonia. Despite three attempts of vein dilation by means of angioplasty, the stenosis always recurred with worsening of symptoms. A left inferior lobectomy was then performed and after 33 months the patient is well and with no symptoms.