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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Borioni R., Weltert L., De Paulis R., Bellisario A., Maselli D., Tomai F., Garofalo M.
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, European Hospital, Rome, Italy
AIM: This study reports results of synchronous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in further support of the hypothesis that carotid and coronary artery revascularization can be safely performed in most patients.
METHODS: The series includes 74 consecutive patients underwent synchronous CEA and off-pump CABG (group A) compared with 50 patients undergoing synchronous CEA and on-pump CABG (group B). Primary endpoint of this study are death, stroke, perioperative myocardial infarction and need for repeated revascularization within 30 days of the procedures. The secondary endpoint includes local and systemic complications.
RESULTS: No stroke was observed in group A. Ipsilateral minor stroke occurred in two patients of group B (4%). Two deaths within 30 days were observed in group A (2.7%) compared with 4 deaths in group B (8%). Combined stroke/death rate at 30 days was 2.7% in group A compared with 12% in group B (P< 0.05). No significant differences in myocardial infarction, local and systemic complications were observed.
CONCLUSION: Synchronous CEA and off-pump CABG may reduce the high surgical risk of patients who actually require combined carotid and coronary revascularization. This opinion has to be substantiated by larger studies and randomized trial.