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A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2011 December;52(6):849-51
Stroke and pulmonary embolism following manual and bandage compression after bleeding from a common femoral artery access site
Chisci E., Setacci F., Giubbolini M., De Donato G., Setacci C.
Department of Surgery Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Manual compression (MC) is required to seal a common femoral artery (CFA) access site after endovascular intervention unless a mechanical closure device is used. Herein we report previously unpublished complications following MC of a CFA access site: stroke (embolism through a patent foramen ovale) and pulmonary embolism. These were a T thrombosis of the internal carotid artery combined with multi pulmonary embolisms and a case of pulmonary embolism. No thrombophilic conditions or other possible causes of venous emboli could be demonstrated in either case by laboratory tests or color-Duplex ultrasound. These were the only two cases of pulmonary and cerebral embolism seen at our university tertiary referral center, over a five-year period. This short report considers the potential risk factors as well as a prevention policy for these complications.