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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Velissaris I., Kiskinis D., Anastasiadis K.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyanous Stavros Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
AIM:The optimal management of the patients requiring cardiac surgery with simultaneous severe carotid disease remains controversial. The traditional approach involves staged or combined carotid endarterectomy and cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the feasibility and safety of angioplasty and stenting for the treatment of carotid stenoses combined with cardiac operations in order to reduce the risk of perioperative stroke.
METHODS: In a prospective, non-randomized study, we analyzed 70 consecutive patients requiring cardiac surgery with simultaneous severe carotid artery disease that underwent carotid artery stenting (CAS) and cardiac surgery in one stage. Symptomatic patients with ≥60% carotid stenosis, and asymptomatic patients with ≥70% stenosis, were treated using CAS under local anesthesia immediately before the open heart surgery. Cerebral protection devices were used in all cases.
RESULTS:Despite the high baseline risk profile, our results were very encouraging. Carotid stenting was successful in all patients. No neurological complications occurred during the carotid stenting procedures. The 30-day death/stroke rate was 1.4% (no deaths, 1 contralateral minor stroke). No myocardial infarctions occurred. The carotid restenosis rate was zero during the long-term follow up.
CONCLUSION: The low complication rate suggests that CAS and cardiac surgery in one stage offers a safer therapeutic option compared to combined carotid endarterectomy and cardiac surgery. It may also be safer than with the staged CAS and coronary artery bypass grafting approach as well.