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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery


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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2011 February;52(1):17-37

Copyright © 2011 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Training with simulation versus operative room attendance

Desender L. M. 1, Van Herzeele I. 1, 2, Aggarwal R. 2, Vermassen F. E. G. 1, Cheshire N. J. W. 2, 3

1 Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Ghent, Ghent, Belgium; 2 Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology. Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK; 3 Regional Vascular Unit, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK


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Reduced training times, increasing complexity of endovascular and open vascular interventions and concerns for patient’s safety have necessitated a modernisation in surgical training. A more strategic approach is required to facilitate the acquisition of surgical skills outside the operating room and to minimize the risks to patients as surgeons develop their technical expertise. Virtual reality simulation has been proposed as a means to train and objectively assess technical endovascular performance without risks to patient safety. This article reviews the evidence and the limitations for this adjunctive tool, the implementation in current training programmes and future applications to maintain the highest standards of care for treatment of vascular disease.

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vhisabelle@gmail.com