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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2009 April;50(2):189-93
Temporal approach: a good way to provide cerebral protection for proximal carotid stenosis, the last chance for trackability in CAS
Mangialardi N. 1, Ronchey S. 1, Serrao E. 1, Costa P. 1, Bergeron P. 2
1 Department of Vascular Surgery, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Hopital Saint Joseph, Marseille, France
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the temporal approach during coronary artery stenosis (CAS) to overcome tortuosity in case of difficult arch anatomy or tortuous common carotid artery, and to provide cerebral protection of proximal lesions of the supra-aortic trunks during stenting.
Methods. The superficial temporal artery is exposed through a small incision right in front of the ear and is cannulated. A guidewire is used to descend in the external and common carotid artery and in the arch if needed. Between the end of March 2007 and May 2008 9 patients were treated with the temporal approach: in 5 cases of stenosis of the internal carotid artery with difficult arch anatomy to obtain a through and through guide from the temporal to the femoral artery, in 3 of the supra-aortic trunks to obtain cerebral protection during the procedure and in one case of tandem lesion of the left common and internal carotid artery.
Results. The procedure was successful in all 9 cases and there were no complications.
Conclusions. The temporal approach proved to be feasible and at low risk; it represents a new possibility to increase the feasibility of carotid artery stenting in patients with difficult anatomy but, above all, it is a good way to obtain cerebral protection during endovascular treatment of proximal lesions of the supraortic vessels.