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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
RECENT ADVANCES IN RENAL ARTERY STENTING
Valpreda S. 1, Messina M. 2, Rabbia C. 1
1 Department of Vascular and Interventional Radiology San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Turin, Italy
2 Nephrology and Transplant Units San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Turin, Italy
Aim. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most frequent vascular complication following transplantation and is a potential curable cause of resistant hypertension, allograft dysfunction, and graft loss. Percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) is the treatment of choice, but the incidence of restenosis may be as high as 30%. Alternative treatment option combines the angioplastic procedure with the placement of a stent. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the clinical outcome of 30 patients with TRAS or post-PTA recurrent TRAS between 1991 and 2006 treated by endoluminal stenting. Primary outcomes of this study were survival rate, percentage of restenosis and lost of the graft. Secondary outcomes were: reduction of blood pressure, creatinine levels and number of antihypertensive medications.
Methods. From May 1991 to May 2006 a retrospective review of stent placement procedures for TRAS was performed. Reviewed parameters included: technical success, arterial blood pressure and number of antihypertension medications, serum creatinine level before and after intervention. Thirty-two interventions in 30 allografts were carried out. Allograft survival rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results. The technical success rate of stenting was 100% with a single major complication event (a puncture site pseudoaneurysm). Mean follow-up time was 7.1 years; of the 30 allograft that underwent stent placement, all were patent at the last follow-up, with five restenosis (15.6%) of which only one needed to be retreated endoluminally. A reduction of the mean serum creatinine levels and of the number of blood pressure medications was observed. There was no difference in the survival curve of the grafts without TRAS compared to those with stenting treated TRAS.
Conclusion. The treatment of the TRAS with selective or primary stenting is safe with a long-term patency rate. The efficacy of the stenting in this retrospective study is suggested by a decrease in mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, serum creatinine levels and number of blood pressure medications.