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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery


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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2007 August;48(4):491-5

Copyright © 2007 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Endovascular repair of ruptured aneurysms of the infrarenal abdominal aorta: feasibility and results

Hassen-Khodja R., Jean-Baptiste E., Haudebourg P., Declemy S., Batt M., Bouillanne P. J.

Department of Vascular Surgery Saint Roch Hospital, Nice, France


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Aim. Endovascular repair may represent an interesting alternative to open surgery for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). This study evaluated the feasibility and short-term results of endovascular repair of ruptured AAA at our center.
Methods. Between April 2004 and December 2005, all patients admitted to our center for a ruptured AAA were considered for endovascular repair. Patients whose hemodynamic status was too unstable to permit a preoperative CT scan and patients with an unfavorable anatomy for endovascular repair underwent open surgery. Endovascular repair consisted in emergency placement of an aorto-uni-iliac endograft associated with a crossover femoro-femoral bypass and deployment of an occluder in the contralateral common iliac artery. Follow-up postoperative CT scans were obtained 1, 6, 12 and 18 months after intervention and then annually. Data concerning diagnosis, the operative risk, treatment, and follow-up were collated prospectively in a registry and were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis.
Results. Between April 2004 and December 2005, 17 patients were admitted to our Department for a ruptured AAA. Ten patients (59 %) underwent emergency endovascular repair and were included in this study (8 men and 2 women, mean age 81 years, range 51-97). The mean duration of the operation was 167 ± 37 min. The mean blood transfusion volume was 3 700 ± 1 400 mL. The mean duration of hospitalization was 19 days (range: 9-60). Mortality at day 30 was 20% (2 patients): one death occurred on day 2 due to multi-organ failure in an 80-year-old patient and another death occurred on day 2 owing to myocardial infarction in an 87-year-old patient. Mean follow-up was 6 months. Late mortality occurred in 2 cases. No endoleaks were observed during follow-up.
Conclusion. Our initial results using endografts for the repair of ruptured AAA were satisfactory, with a feasibility of 59% and an operative mortality of 20%. Randomized studies are necessary to determine the true value of endovascular repair of ruptured AAA compared to conventional open repair.

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