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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2007 February;48(1):59-66
Preserved hyperaemic response in supraclavicular ultrasonography demonstrates function on demand of the LIMA to LAD string sign graft after CABG
Hartman J.M. 1,2, Kelder H.C. 3, Ackerstaff R.G.A. 4, Swieten H.A. 2,Vermeulen F.E.E. 2, Bogers A.J.J.C. 1
1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
3 Department of Cardiology, St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
4 Department of Clinical Neurophysiology St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Aim. To correlate supraclavicular ultrasonography with angiographically patent and string sign left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) grafts.
Methods. Sixteen patients with a single LIMA anastomosis to the LAD were prospectively entered in a follow-up study. The supraclavicular ultrasonography of the LIMA origin was studied preoperatively and at 5.3±3.6 months and 1.7±0.4 year postoperatively. At the late postoperative ultrasonography electrocardiographically controlled hyperemic response was also studied for 6 min. Control angiography was performed at 1.5±0.8 year. Differences within groups were tested with a paired t-test and between groups with an unpaired t-test.
Results. Control angiography showed in 13 patients (group I) a patent LIMA graft and in 3 patients (group II) a string sign LIMA graft. Preoperative blood velocities were not significantly different between groups. Postoperatively, both groups revealed higher diastolic and lower systolic blood velocities compared to preoperative values. The blood velocities at rest did not change in group I and all velocities decreased in group II in time postoperatively. The blood velocities in maximal hyperemic response increased significantly within the groups and were not significantly different between the groups. No ischemia could be detected electrocardiographically during hyperemic response and no patient presented angina.
Conclusion. Both groups showed a shift towards coronary type diastolic blood velocities at rest and at hyperaemic response. Significant hyperemic response was also present in string sign LIMA grafts and demonstrates response capacity to increased myocardial oxygen demand.