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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2005 August;46(4):407-14
Total laparoscopic abdominal aortic aneurysms repair
Coggia M., Di Centa I., Javerliat I., Alfonsi P., Kitzis M., Goëau-Brissonnière O. A.
Department of Vascular Surgery Ambroise Paré University Hospital, Boulogne-Billancourt and Faculté de Médecine Paris-Ile de France-Ouest Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines University, France
Aim. The aim of the study was to describe our experience of total laparoscopic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair.
Methods. Between February 2002 and September 2004, we performed 49 total laparoscopic AAA repair in 45 men and 4 women. Median age was 73 years (range, 46-85 years). Median aneurysm size was 52 mm (range, 30-95 mm). ASA class of patients was II, III and IV in 16, 32 and 1 cases, respectively. We used the laparoscopic transperitoneal left retrocolic approach in 47 patients. Seven patients were operated via a tranperitoneal left retrorenal approach and one patient via a retroperitoneoscopic approach.
Results. We implanted tube grafts and bifurcated grafts in 19 and 30 patients, respectively. Median operative time was 290 min (range, 160-420 min). Median clamping time was 81.5 min (range, 35-230 min). Median blood loss was 1800 cc (range, 300-6900 cc). Mortality was 6.1% (3 patients). In our early experience, two patients died of myocardial infarction. The 3rd death was due to a multiple organ failure. Thirteen major non lethal postoperative complications were observed in 9 patients (18%). Four patients had local/vascular complications, which required reintervention (8%). Nasogastric tube is now removed at the end of procedure. Median duration of ileus, return to general diet, ambulation and hospital stay were 2, 3, 3 and 10 days. With a median follow-up of 19 months (range, 8-39 months), complete recovery with patent graft was observed in 44 patients. Two patients needed a crossover femoral graft for one iliac dissection and one graft limb occlusion.
Conclusion. These results show that total laparoscopic AAA repair is feasible and worthwhile for patients once the learning curve is overcome. It remains technically demanding and a previous training in videoscopic sutures is essential. Initial learning curve in laparoscopic aortic surgery with aortoiliac occlusive lesions is preferable before to begin laparoscopic AAA repair.