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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
CASE REPORTS CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2003 December;44(6):741-44
True acquired left ventricular aneurysms in childhood
Long M. A., Hough J., De Vries W. J.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
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Aim. True left ventricular aneurysms are rarely encountered in childhood. Etiological factors are varied and often indeterminable. There is a paucity of literature detailing the surgical techniques used to repair pediatric aneurysms.
Methods. Three children aged 21 months, 19 months and 5 years with true left ventricular aneurysms underwent surgical repair in our unit. The clinical details, surgical technique, histological review, hospital outcome and short term follow-up is discussed.
Results. Two patients underwent repair of their aneurysms by means of the Cooley endoaneurysmorraphy technique, and 1 patient underwent repair using the aneurysm resection and linear plication technique. Histological examination revealed tuberculosis to be the etiological factor in one patient, while a non-specific vasculitis was present in the other 2 patients. Immediate postoperative course was uneventful and all 3 patients were discharged from hospital within one week. Two patients were recatheterized during follow-up visits. All patients were asymptomatic at 1 year follow-up. Echocardiography demonstrated good left ventricular function with disappearance of preoperative mitral regurgitation.
Conclusion. Pediatric left ventricular aneurysms may be successfully repaired using standard operative techniques. These techniques render excellent short-term results. Longer follow-up is needed to fully evaluate the outcome of these children.