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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
REVIEWS CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2003 October;44(5):569-76
Cystic lesions of the pericardium. Review of the literature and classification
Losanoff J. E., Richman B. W., Curtis J. J., Jones J. W.
Department of Surgery University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO, USA
Pericardial cystic lesions (PCLs) occur infrequently but are significant for their varying clinical presentation and pathological multitude. A review of the literature (including Medline and Current Contents database searches, and search of existing bibliographies) finds confusion in nomenclature and an absence of appropriate classification. A new classification system is proposed based on exo- or endophytic growth, presence of adhesions, and compression of myo-cardium or great vessels. A multitude of pathological entities with diverse pathogenesis, disease courses, and prognoses may present as PCLs. Detailed knowledge of lesion types and alternatives among diagnostic and therapeutic options permits a selective approach to patient management. The usefulness of a unified classification system should be evaluated in a substantial patient population, with detailed statistical analysis.