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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Calza G., Lerzo F., Perfumo F. 1, Borini I., Panizzon G., Moretti R. 2, Grasso P. 2, Virgone A., Zannini L.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery 1 Nephrology and 2 Anesthesiology Giannina Gaslini Institute, Children’s Hospital Genoa, Italy
Background. To evaluate oxidative stress and myocardial damage after aortic crossclamping release (ACCR) during cardio pulmonary bypass (CPB) in children two parameters were investigated: total glutathione (GSH) and its oxidoreductive reactions (GSH/GSSG) as expression of oxidative stress, and plasmatic turnover of myocardial taurine (TAU) as expression of cell damage.
Methods. The study was divided in two periods: 1) first period: analysis of oxidative stress and myocardial damage in 18 children. 2) Second period: evaluation of myocardial cell protection by controlled anterograde low oxygen warm reperfusion (ALOWR) before declamping. Twenty-one children were divided in two groups: not receiving (Group 1, 9 patients) and receiving (Group 2, 12 patients) ALOWR.
Results. In the first period GSH values increased significantly after onset of mechanical ventilation (MV) in vein, after CPB start in artery and after ACCR in coronary synus. Moreover TAU turnover in aortic and coronary sinus blood increased significantly after ACCR. In the second period, Group 2 showed a lower oxidative stress after ACCR, while no differences were observed in TAU turnover.
Conclusions. 1) Assessment of TAU and GSH levels can be considered a good method to clinically evaluate myocardial injury during cardiac surgery. 2) MV and CPB can induce oxidative stress before aortic clamping and can decrease the physiologic scavengers. Therefore, to prevent that depletion, the strategy of these techniques must be adapted to the patient and to his cardiac disease. 3) Intramyocardial TAU turnover is not significantly modified by the reperfusion technique. 4) ALOWR can reduce myocardial oxidative stress and can improve heart recovery after the cardioplegic arrest.