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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2002 April;43(2):147-52
Mitral valve replacement in ischemic mitral regurgitation. Preservation of both anterior and posterior mitral leaflets
Morishita A., Shimakura T., Nonoyama M., Takasaki T.
From the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery Fukuyama Cardiovascular Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
Background. The surgical risks associated with ischemic mitral regurgitation are thought to be greater than those for other forms of mitral regurgitation. We have performed mitral valve replacement using the St. Jude Medical bileaflet prostheses with preservation of both leaflets, along with all of the chordae tendineae and papillary muscles. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate mitral valve replacement with preservation of both mitral valves with respect to long-term clinical results and left ventricular performance.
Methods. Between January 1, 1988 and February 29, 2000, 15 patients were operated on for ischemic mitral regurgitation. There were 7 males and 8 females, and the mean age was 69.7±8.1 years. The preoperative variables showed clinical deterioration of the state, such as emergency operation in 40% of the patients, more than NYHA functional III class in 93% of patients, cardiogenic shock in 47% of the patients, a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 36.8%, and a mean left ventricular end-systolic volume index of 116.7 ml/m2.
Results. There were 5 (33.3%) hospital deaths during the follow-up period including 1 early death and 1 (10%) late death during the follow-up period. Thus, the actuarial survival rate after 5 years for the whole was 60%. However, the left ventricular dimensions and left ventricular fractional shortening, even if in patients with profound depressed left ventricular function preoperatively, showed maintenance of the cardiac function.
Conclusions. These results suggested that mitral valve replacement using the St. Jude Medical prostheses with preservation of both leaflets and all chordae tendineae and papillary muscles might be a procedure of choice for ischemic mitral regurgitation.