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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
CASE REPORTS CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2001 June;42(3):349-51
Coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with brainstem ischemia
Tsukube T., Okada M., Ataka K., Ozaki N.
From the Department of Surgery, Division II Kobe University, School of Medicine Kobe, Japan
We describe a 54-year-old male with severe coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease including right cerebellar infarction, total occlusion of the bilateral vertebral arteries, brainstem ischemia, and right cerebral infarction with significant right carotid artery disease. Repeated percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty had been performed, however, unstable angina was developed despite maximal medical treatment. Coronary artery bypass grafting was successfully undergone with use of propofol, application of the intra-aortic balloon pumping perioperatively, and mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass with alpha-stat blood gas management. The importance of preoperative evaluation of the intracranial circulation and management of cardiopulmonary bypass are discussed.