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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
CASE REPORTS VASCULAR PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2000 April;41(2):295-7
Aortic dissection and Turner’s syndrome
Weytjens C., Bové T. *, Van Der Niepen P.
From the Departments of Internal Medicine
*Cardiothoracic Surgery University Hospital Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Cardiovascular malformations, especially coarctation of the aorta and bicuspid aortic valve, are common in patients with Turner's syndrome. Only 46 patients with aortic dissection and/or rupture have been described. All patients had associated aortic dilation or aneurysm. In all cases except three, involvement of the ascending aorta was present, making surgery often imperative. We describe a rare case of a DeBakey type IIIb aortic dissection (without involvement of the proximal aorta) in a patient with Turner's syndrome mosaicism. The dissection occurred two weeks after a caesarean section because of eclampsia. No aortic dilation or other cardiovascular malformations were found. The distal extension and uncomplicated nature of the dissection indicated medical management. After fifteen months of follow-up, she is clinically doing well and repeated CT scan shows a stable dissection of the descending and abdominal aorta without dilation.