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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2000 April;41(2):207-13
Inflammatory response during simulated extracorporeal circulation with addition of nitric oxide
Borowiec J. W., Lahtinen M., Venge P. *, Henze A., Stiernström H. **
From the Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
Background. Heart operations performed with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) are associated with an inflammatory response. This response is partially due to granulocyte activation. Leukocyte derived free radicals are involved in tissue injury. The purpose of this study was to observe whether nitric oxide influence the inflammatory response during simulated ECC.
Methods. In a model of simulated extracorporeal circulation, fresh whole human blood mixed with Ringer’s solution was circulated through a heart-lung machine for three hours. In five circuits NO was added to oxygen/air mixture (group N), while five other circuits were ventilated with oxygen/air mixture (group C). The methods for estimating the inflammatory response were determination of oxygen free radicals production capacity, using chemiluminescence, and measurements of concentration of granulocyte derived proteins (myeloperoxidase and human neutrophil lipocalin).
Results. All measured parameters were similarly independent of additional supply of nitric oxide almost throughout extracorporeal circulation time. The sole significant difference between the two groups was found at an early stage of extracorporeal circulation, when luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence in whole blood was higher in the N group (1500, 1470-1950 vs 1038, 750-1050 in the control group; medians with quartiles). A similar tendency was observed in lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence at 60 min of extracorporeal circulation (625, 560-875 in the N group vs 400, 360-525 in the control group; medians with quartiles).
Conclusions. Nitric oxide supply does not influence inflammatory response during three hours long extracorporeal circulation, although some protective effect on hydrogen peroxide production in whole blood was detected in the initial phase of extracorporeal circulation.