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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1999 August;40(4):477-9
Significance of the human immunodeficiency virus infection in patients submitted to cardiac surgery
Everson Uip D., Zeigler R., Sabbaga Amato M., Varejao Strabelli T. M., Aranha Camargo L. F., Grinberg M.*, Domingos Jatene A.**
From the Department of Epidemiology and Quality Control
* Hospital Infection Control Commission
** Surgery Department and from the Heart Institute Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Background. To realize if cardiac surgery could interfere with the evolution of HIV infected patients to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Methods. The study group consisted of 30 HIV positive patients (0.21%) among 14,785 who underwent cardiac surgery at the Heart Institute of University of São Paulo Medical School (Incor-FMUSP) from November 1988 to December 1994. Patients were followed up until they were discharged from hospital and a new contact was kept at the end of the first semester of 1995.
Results. All patients were asymptomatic at the time they were operated. Two patients progressed to death during hospitalization due to non-infectious complications and other three patients could not be traced. After all, 25 pa-tients had their progression evaluated. Six patients (24%) died within a period ranging from 1 to 46 months (average=17 months): 2 due to bacterial pneumonia and 04 due to AIDS-related complications. The average follow-up period for the 19 surviving patients was 33.6 months (ranging from 13 to 74 months), and only one of them (5.3%) saw the infection progress to AIDS. In summary, 5/25 (20%) saw HIV infection progress to AIDS within a maximum period of 74 months.
Conclusions. Data available up to now show no conclusive evidence of acceleration of HIV into AIDS associated with cardiac surgery.