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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
CASE REPORTS VASCULAR PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1998 August;39(4):429-32
Subclavian artery aneurysms. A report of 2 cases and a review of literature
Witz M., Yahel J., Lehmann J. M.
From The Unit of Vascular Surgery, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba and Tel-Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv, Israel
True aneurysm of the subclavian artery is extremely rare and atherosclerosis is the most common cause. Syphilis, tuberculosis, and cystic medial necrosis are less often the cause. Their exact prevalence in the general population is unknown. These aneurysms can rupture, thrombose, embolize or cause symptoms by local compression. In reviewing the literature the great latency of the disease, high complication rate at presentation and the significant incidence, concominant aneurysms elsewhere are emphasized. Duplex scanning followed by angiography should be performed in order to establish the diagnosis and to plan the operation. Elective surgical treatment is associated with little risk to the patient and avoids the need for emergency operations. Two cases of surgically treated true subclavian aneurysms are presented with review of the English language literature on the subject.