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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Bhagwandien N. S., Shah N.*, Costello J. M. Jr*, Gilbert C. L.**, Blamkenship J. C.*
From the Department of Internal Medicine, *Department of Cardiology, **Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, 100 North Academy Avenue, Danville, PA 17822, USA
Papillary fibroelastomas of the heart are rare lesions usually discovered at autopsy or incidentally at surgery. Although these lesions are benign and generally asymptomatic, they can cause valvular dysfunction or embolize to vital structures. In this case report, we describe a pulmonary valve papillary fibroelastoma detected by echocardiography in an adult. Most of the 12 cases of pulmonary valve papillary fibroelastoma reported in the literature were discovered incidentally at autopsy or during surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary valve papillary fibroelastoma detected by echocardiography. Rest imaging before exercise echocardiography for evaluation of atypical chest pain in a 42-year-old white female demonstrated a mass on the pulmonary valve. The mass was further characterized by trans-esophageal echocardiography and excised during open heart surgery. Pulmonary valve papillary fibroelastoma was diagnosed histopathologically. This case illustrates the additional diagnostic value of comprehensive 2D imaging in the rest phase before doing exercise echocardiography.