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A Journal on Physiopathology and Therapy of Chronic Cutaneous Ulcers
Official Journal of the Italian Association for Cutaneous Ulcers
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Acta Vulnologica 2013 December;11(4):171-82
language: English, Italian
Infections associated with pressure ulcers. Note I: general considerations
Palazzi L., Giuliani G. C.
Department of Long-Term Care “Villa Iris” Casa di Cura, Pianezza, Turin, Italy
Pressure ulcers (or bed sores) are localised areas of ischemia or tissue necrosis that develop when soft tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and an outer surface for a prolonged period of time. The damage may be minimal or it may cause massive destruction of the deep layers, which in its turn may result in increased morbidity and mortality, especially in geriatric patients. If an ulcer is not properly treated, or in subjects suffering from adverse physical, mental or social conditions, severe complications may arise, compromising the healing process or even threatening a patient’s life. Infections are among the most serious complications. In this first note, current knowledge in terms of the aetiology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of infections associated with pressure sores is set out.