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A Journal on Physiopathology and Therapy of Chronic Cutaneous Ulcers
Official Journal of the Italian Association for Cutaneous Ulcers
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Acta Vulnologica 2005 December;3(3-4):95-103
An observational study on the prevention of pressure sores in non-hospitalised patients
Ricci E. 1, Astolfi S. 1, Pronesti S. 2, Maestro M. 2, Agati M. T. 3, Cazzaniga A. 3
1 UOA di Vulnologia, Casa di Cura San Luca, Pecetto Torinese, Torino
2 ADI 1, Torino
3 Fumagalli, Asso, Como
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, prevalence and evolution of pressure sores and the efficacy of pressure ulcer treatment protocols implemented in a Health Unit in Turin.
Methods. The study was carried out for 17 months on volunteer patients. The patients were followed up for 6 months with monthly checking visits. The parameters evaluated were the following: evolution of the patient condition, Norton Score, stadiation of the lesion according to the site and EPAUP grade, pressure ulcer treatment implemented, evolution of the lesion. Data were collected by a nurse using both paper and electronic methods. A total of 151 patients were recruited; only 52 completed the study.
Results. The prevalence of the lesions at enrollment was 50.3%. The risk analysis has pointed out that the population studied was at high risk for pressure ulcer development.
Conclusion. The importance of prevention is now universally recognized but much is still to be done in terms of the choice and use of the correct treatment.