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A Journal on Phlebology
Acta Phlebologica 2007 April;8(1):11-3
Anomalous termination of the facial vein. An anatomic study
Pai M. M., Prabhu L. V., Vadgaonkar R., Nayak S. R., Ranade A. V., Krishnamurthy A., Rai R.
Department of Anatomy Center for Basic Sciences Kasturba Medical College Bejai, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Aim. Anatomic and morphologic variations of the facial vein are of great importance for surgeons doing reconstructive surgery. The aim of this paper was to study the drainage pattern of the facial vein.
Methods. Fifty-two adult cadavers (104 sides) were dissected in the head and neck region and the facial veins were traced carefully to its termination.
Results. Eight out of 104 sides (7.7%) showed an anomalous coursing of the facial vein to drain into the external jugular vein. One among these eight variants had a differed anatomical presentation. The embryological basis and clinical relevance are discussed.
Conclusion. Knowledge of varying venous pattern is important for surgeons performing head and neck micro vascular surgeries, to avoid unnecessary bleeding during intraoperative trial and error procedures.